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Saturday, 15 June 2013

OMG ! Can the Bed Bug Bites Really be Harmful?

Roger Mitnick  /  at  03:03  /  No comments

Bed Bug Bites Could be Troublesome


Bites from bed bugs are something that affects people worldwide.  Bed bugs are little, oval shaped insects that feed on the blood of humans and other animals by sucking it.  They reside all over the home and nest in all manner of places from textiles to small cracks in furniture.  The most common area that bed bugs are found is in the bed, often found within the mattress and bed frames.  Bed bugs spread around by crawling and laying their eggs in new areas and therefore contaminating them; the fact that they don’t need to feed for months at a time to stay alive means they can stay in areas untouched by humans silently waiting for new food sources to arrive.  Another way of traveling is by infecting the clothes of humans and traveling wherever the human goes.


These Bites Are Common at Night


Bed bug bites are most common overnight while you are sleeping and the most commonly bitten areas are the arms, face and neck which are open and exposed overnight. When the bite occurs it is not often that it is initially felt and does not hurt, however there are many symptoms that bites can be recognized from. The first sign that can be seen is a small bump where the bite was.  This bump can be either flat or elevated and redness may also occur in the area surrounding the bite. It is important that the bite is not itched as doing so may cause an infection. 

It is not uncommon to find several bites in a row and this is a telltale sign that it is bites from bed bugs as opposed to bites from mosquitoes or fleas.

bed bug bite on hand
BED BUG BITES

How to treat Them?

If you have bites from bed bugs then there is no particular medical solution that you need.  Simply wash the affected area with soap and water. To avoid any infection then make sure that no scratching of the area takes place.  With regards to preventing itchiness, applying calamine lotion or some alternative anti-itching cream can help.  If any infection starts on the area around the bite it would be wise to seek medical attention where antibiotics may be required.

Remedy
If you have been getting bed bug bites then obviously you will be looking to a remedy to remove the bed bugs from your house.  It is recommended that you seek help from a pest control expert with this.  There is a large selection of different insect killers in the form of sprays and powders that will help fight away the infection of bed bugs.  These should be applied to all places where the bugs have been seen or may be hidden.  If a mattress has been infected often it is necessary to discard it entirely.

Prevention
To prevent an infection of bed bugs and therefore save yourself from the problem of receiving bites from bed bugs you should aim to keep your house well tidied, paying special attention to vacuuming the floors.  As a final prevention method you can purchase a special type of mattress cover to specifically protect it from infestation.


Frequently Asked Questions
  • 1 How often do bed bugs feed?
  • 2 What are the bed bug bites symptoms?
  • 3 What do bed bug bites look on humans?
  • 4 How long do bed bug bites last?
  • 5 Do bed bug bites itch?
Bed bugs are active at night and generally bite on uncovered parts of the body (legs, arms, face) while the host sleeps. However, in poor light conditions the bed bugs may be active during the day too. The bites are painless and it is characteristic that their bite rarely awakens the affected person.
The fact that the bed bug bites can’t be felt causes great discomfort and even sleeping problems in some people if they know that they have bed bugs in their homes. Another thing that worries most people is that since these bugs feed on blood, can they transmit some diseases from one host to another? Luckily, there haven’t been any records about such cases.

How often do bed bugs feed?

Bed bugs don’t feed long. The feeding time of bed bugs is about five to ten minutes long, and after that they go back to their hiding place to digest the food for a couple of days. This process doesn’t happen every night. The bed bugs will feed again in a few days or even after a week.
In the video below you can see a bed bug feeding on human blood.

What are the their symptoms?

Different people react in different ways after they have been bitten by a bed bug. While the lucky ones don’t experience any symptoms at all, others wake up with very itchy welts on the skin which may appear instantly or after several hours. The way the bitten person will react generally depends on the body’s reaction to the bed bug’s saliva. While the affected person generally experiences mild symptoms like itchiness, in some cases, luckily not frequent ones, the reaction to the bites is intense and can be accompanied with the appearance of blisters, fever, and overall discomfort. Immediate medical assistance is required in this case.
One thing which can help us positively identify a bed bug bite is the pattern of the bites. They generally appear in rows of three bites. However, this is not a rule since the bites can appear alone.

How do they look on humans?

During the bite, the bed bug injects saliva into the skin. This saliva contains anesthetics and for that reason the host doesn’t feel the bite. However, it causes irritation and inflammation of the skin where the bite happened. In some cases we can confuse bed bug bites and flea or mosquito bites. Before we try to describe what do bed bug bites look on humans, we have to mention again that it depends on the way the body reacts to the bites. So we can divide the bites in three groups depending on this.
  • The bed bug bites appear like itchy, red colored bumps and are grouped in three. This is generally known as “breakfast, lunch, and dinner”. We can treat this as a mild case of bed bug bites.
  • Another case is the appearance of small red swelling lesions, usually raised a little
  • Large and itchy red welts, raised a little, can also appear is some rare cases.

How long do these bites last?


Well, as with the symptoms the answer to this question also depends on the individual and the severity of the reaction, but generally they don’t last long. Accordingly mild reactions to bed bug bites will disappear in a shorter period of time, while severe reaction will last longer. However, according to some sources the average time for the bed bug bites to disappear is three weeks. Scratching the bites is not allowed, because it may result in an infection and this certainly prolongs the healing time.

Do They itch?

Generally the bed bug bites are itchy. However, in some people this might not be the case. As we have previously said people react differently to different bites. Basically, if your body reacts to the bed bug bites, you will experience itchiness of different intensity. On the other side, they won’t itch if your body doesn’t react. The main thing here is to avoid scratching the bites, and this is something you should always keep in your mind if you want the  bites to disappear sooner.

There are hardly any places where bed bugs cannot be found, and we have to say that humans are greatly responsible for the spreading of bed bugs. We can’t say that bed bugs came from nowhere to our home. In most cases, we have brought them there either by bringing some old and used furniture to our house or flat, or in our luggage after a trip. This is not a surprise because we can bring bed bugs from hotels and motels (not only the cheap ones), apartments, hospitals, etc.

Most of the people don’t even think of a possible bed bug infestation until they wake up one morning with some strange bites on the body which weren’t there the night before. However, this is not a 100% sure sign that we have bed bugs in our home because different people react differently to bed bug bites. Some of them experience the symptoms in a few hours or don’t experience the symptoms at all, while others notice the bed bug bites a few days later.  For that reason, we have to learn how to identify the other signs of a bed bug infestation. If we learn these signs and identify a bed bug infestation at its early stages, we will be able to react in time and control the situation easily.
These bugs are not big, and therefore, it can be difficult to find them and this is one of the main problems. When we even think about a bed bug infestation, we have to admit that we are simply horrified. Sadly, there is no simple solution for the eradication of bed bugs, but there are ways to avoid the use of pesticides, first, because the pesticides become less efficient since the bed bug resistance to them increases every day, and second, because these pesticides possess a risk to our health if they are not applied properly.

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